Michael Krepon

Michael Krepon

Michael Krepon is the co-founder of the Stimson Center. He worked previously at the Carnegie Endowment, the State Department, and on Capitol Hill. He has written over 400 articles and is the author or editor of twenty-one books, including Better Safe than Sorry: The Ironies of Living with the Bomb; Anti-Satellite Weapons, Deterrence and Sino-American Relations; and Deterrence Stability and Escalation Control in South Asia. He was given the Thérèse Delpech Memorial Award for lifetime achievement in non-governmental work to reduce nuclear dangers by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 2015.

 

All Posts

No First Use

Evil

Rule of Thumb: Don’t Start a War If You Don’t Know Where to Bury the Dead

Explaining What I Do for a Living

Do As I Say, Not As I Do: Demanding Strengthened Inspections in Iran

“One Last Chance” for Pakistan

Act I: The Iran Deal Begins to Unravel

Stale Thinking on Tac Nukes Reheated

Two Fantasists, No Exit Strategy

Pyrrhic Victories and Draws

Proliferation in the Age of Uncertainty

A Third War in Sixteen Years?

Parallel Crises

The Trump Effect

Modern Man is Obsolete

Is Space the Final War-Fighting Frontier?

Deterrence Stability is a Hoax. The Delicate Balance of Terror is, Too.

After the Prohibition Treaty

Chance Encounter with Chauncey Gardiner

U.S.-Pakistan Relations: Duplicity, Betrayal, or National Interests?

Sechser & Fuhrmann: Deterrence Yes; Coercion No.

U.S. Leadership on the Rocks

Disarmament Diplomacy and the Ban Treaty

What’s the Objective in a Nuclear War?

Nuclear South Asia

The American Century

Nuclear Learning

A Three-Person Rule for Nuclear First Use

The Counterforce Compulsion in South Asia

The Ban Movement’s Moment

The Ghost Ship Anchored at Foggy Bottom

Low Yield Nuclear Weapons (Again)

U.S.-Pakistan Relations and the Big Stick

Responding to the INF Treaty Violation

Reasons for the Great Unraveling of the Arms Control Enterprise

A World Preparing for Wars

Tear-Down Mode

A Simple, Unthreatening Way to Shore Up NATO

No Peace and No War in South Asia?

A Time Out for New NSG Membership

Kashmir and Rising Nuclear Dangers on the Subcontinent

Taking Stock

Year End Blues

Holiday Greetings: Rave On, Dear Friends

Nuclear Weapons in the 21st Century

Trump and the Bomb (cont.)

Trump and the Bomb

Fred Iklé on the Second Nuclear Age

Cry, the Beloved Country

Bombs, Bans, and Norms

Learning About Nuclear South Asia

The Nuclear Ban Treaty and Our Wobbly Nuclear Order

Elections, Fear of the Bomb, and the Great Unraveling

Pakistan’s Compulsion is Not a Choice

Pakistan’s Choice

The Well-Read Wonk on Democracy & the Bomb

Indian Strategic Restraint, Revised

Modi Chooses Strategic Restraint

The Waiting Game on the Subcontinent

Senator Rubio and Kim Jong Un Weigh In on the CTBT

The Enduring Value of the CTBT

The Demise of the Republican National Security Establishment

Senator Corker and the CTBT

Donald Trump’s Challenge to Nuclear Orthodoxy

The Lesson of Nagasaki

Not Just Yet for No First Use

Learning About Nuclear South Asia

Congressional Hearings as Inquisitions

Kashmir on the Boil

Alliances and No First Use

Club Membership

Diplomatic Posturing

The Cruel Politics of Arms Limitation

The Humanitarian Pledge, Nuclear Weapons, and the Laws of War

Evaluating the Visit to Hiroshima

The Second Coming of MIRVs

Nuclear Weapons and the Laws of War (cont.)

Unilateral or Bilateral Reductions?

To Hiroshima (cont.)

The Advantage of Being the Weaker, Nuclear-Armed State

To Hiroshima

Retrospectives on MIRVing in the First Nuclear Age

Why MIRV?

Yes, There’s a Legal Gap on Nuclear Weapons Use, But It Isn’t That Big

Applying Jus in Bello to the Nuclear Deterrent

In Defense of the Open Skies Treaty

New Warhead Designs

The Coming Backlash

Back to Business as Usual in South Asia?

The Nuclear Test Ban, Twenty Years Later

What’s Our Central Organizing Principle?

Arms Racing Redux?

So Far, So Good on the Subcontinent

Responding to North Korea’s Nuclear Test

Year’s End Kudos, 2015 Edition

Global Warming Up; Arms Control Down

I Like Ike (And the Nuclear Taboo)

Second-Term Blues for Arms Control

Islam and the Bomb

The Next War or the Last War in South Asia?

The Popularity of “The Martian”

Upending the Stalemate between India and Pakistan

The Catholic Church and the Bomb

Humanitarian Consequences (Cont.)

The Bomb, Escalation, and the Humanitarian Pledge

Decent Intervals

Stanislav Petrov

The New Isolationism

Wishful Thinking on Iran

A Normal Nuclear Pakistan

Rumi on the Iran Deal

Mentoring: From South Asia to Washington, DC

Seventy Years Without an A-Bombing

Space Code of Conduct Mugged in New York

When Leaders Follow Insurgents

Congress and the Iran Deal:
Money for Nothing, Votes for Free

Monitoring Provisions of the Iran Agreement

Iran Deal: Reading The Fine Print

Iran: The Punditariat Weighs In

Arms and Influence

Egypt, the Spoiler

Prelims on the Subcontinent

Nuclear Threats

A Wobbly Nuclear Order

Deterrence Instability in South Asia

Safe Nuclear Weapons

The Ironies of Living with the Bomb

The Iran Deal: Critiques and Rebuttals

The Iran Deal

The Gift of Meaningful Work

Cleansing Rituals

The President, Congress & Iran

Triangular Nuclear Competitions

The Negotiating Endgame in Iran

Nuclear Postures

Discriminate Deterrence

U.S. National Security Strategy

Obama in India; Xi in Pakistan

Nunn-Lugar, R.I.P.

Reconsidering Deterrence Stability

The Silent Treatment in South Asia

Year’s End and Contest Winners

Pakistan’s Trials

Diplomacy at Warped Speed

Nu?

Repairing the Diplomatic Threat Reduction Enterprise

Reminder! Year-End Contest

Year End Contest

Pakistan’s Health and Demography

Caging the Bomb

Turing and Oppenheimer

Nuclear Dangers: Now What?

Reagan, Gorbachev and Reykjavik (II)

Reagan, Gorbachev and Reykjavik

Interns Wanted

Lulling and Stifling

Divergent Trajectories, the Bomb, and Kashmir

The New Nuclear

The Wind and the Lion

Action, Reaction

Norm-Setting for Outer Space

Accelerating Descent

Uncommon Strategic Restraint

Brodie at the Beginning

Responding to Treaty Violations

The Myth of Deterrence Stability

Will Pakistan and India Break the Fissile Material Deadlock?

The Dogs of War

Bye-Bye Bipartisanship

Silver Anniversary Celebrations and Fireworks

Drones, Revisited

Adelman on Reykjavik

Fasten Seat Belts, Please

Danger Signs

Promo

The Obama Doctrine

Pakistan’s Choice

Crime and Punishment

The Psychology of Deterrence

Open Skies

A Normal, Nuclear Pakistan

Nuclear Weapon Accidents

The Bucket Brigade

Massive Retaliation

A Wobbly Nuclear Order

Pakistan/US: Ties that Chafe and Bind

Promo: Life Lessons

India Adrift

Leaving the Mothership

The Age of Anxiety

Avoiding Scrapes with China

Mao on the Bomb

The Cost of Convenience

Failures of Intelligence

Baton Passes in Pakistan

Charm Offensives and Drugstore Cowboys

Whatever Happened to Minimum, Credible Deterrence?

Year End Contest Winners

Year-End Contest

Dismantling Obsolete Missiles in South Asia

Year-End Contest

Alternative Nuclear Futures

Pendulum Swings

How Long an “Interim”?

Interim Deal with Iran

Optimists and Cynics

Will Gravity Lift the Space Code of Conduct?

Conflicting Blueprints

Pakistan’s Red-Carpet Treatment

Human Values in the Atomic Age

Monitoring Iran

Guest Interview

Ghosts in the Machine

Punishment vs. Engagement

Heschel on the Bomb

Generation Why’s Turn in South Asia

Eyes Away from the Prize

The Absence of Ambition

Jasjit Singh

The Future of Arms Control

What Went Wrong with Arms Control?

Inferred vs. Demonstrable Deterrence

Sufficiency

The Triad

Second Term Blues

Cheap Rhetorical Tricks

Peace, Justice and Nuclear Arms Reductions

The Vision Thing

Dobrynin

Pakistan’s Rickover

Every War Must End (cont.)

Ritualized Anxieties over BMD

Saving Cities

Shyam Saran on India’s Nuclear Deterrent

The Commitment Trap

George Bunn

The Tortoise and the Hare: A Rebuttal

Every War Must End

Mad Men

SDI RIP

WMD-Day + 10

The Dunn Theorem

Company for Public Transit

The Well Read Wonk

Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Tortoise and the Hare

Cluster Bombs

POTUS in Situ for SOTU

Clapton & Co. on Deterrence

Is Arms Control Dead (Again)?

Apollo-Soyuz Redux?

Bunting and the Bomb

How Much Is Enough?

Portents of a Difficult Year

Atomic Playlist and Lyric Contest Winners

Year-End Review

Death and Disability

Guest Judge Lyrical Prompt

DBT

Holiday Season Contest

Verification, Risk, and Nuclear Testing

SALT’s Rise and Fall

Deterrence and the Unitary, Rational Actor

Now What?

Obama vs. Romney

The Battle of the Khans

Nuclear Competition, Asian Style

Reclaiming Pakistan

Visiting Pakistan

Robert Jervis

Options On and Off the Table

Brodie’s Weakest Book

Catch and Release

Worth the Wait

Small Change or Big Investment?

Spurgeon Keeny

Deterrence-palooza

Career Counseling

The Next Civ-Nuke Deal?

Falling Apart

Team B

Straws in the Wind

The Team with the Football

Haggling over Peripherals

Brodie Wonkathon

Multilateral Negotiations

The Well Read Wonk

Memorial Day

Peeling or Trading Onions?

Are We Winning or Losing? (Continued)

Are We Winning or Losing?

The Bomber Gap

Endless Summer

Tac Nukes in South Asia

Berlin and Moscow

Hedley Bull

The Big Shift

The Gift of Giving (II)

The Gift of Giving

The Moon Race

DPRK Announcement

Pakistan and the FMCT

Naval Treaties

Worst Ever Treaty Provisions

Complaints about the Code

Nixon, Kissinger, and SALT

Prime Ministers and Army Chiefs

Space Code of Conduct Advances

Years of Living Dangerously

Lyric Contest Results

Broken Arrows

Pakistan’s Patrons

Bountiful Harvest for Year End Contest

Year-End Contest

Missile Defense Phobia

Making Messes in Space

Aging and Assertion

Gerard C. Smith

The Arms Crawl that Wasn’t

Magical Realism

Apogees of Dream-Catching

Career Counseling

Reykjavik

Tragedy, Farce & Divorce

Plain Speaking

Second Wind

Securing Valuable Global Services

9/11 + 10

De-alerting and De-legitimization

Fail Safe

Afghan Non-End Game

Forecasting Proliferation

Liston vs. Ali

War and Proliferation

Trident

Deterrence and Escalation Control

DGMO

Summer Reading for the Well-Read Wonk

Six Years Later (II)

Six Years Later (I)

Hunting, Muting, and Filtering

Hubert Horatio Humphrey

The Franck Report

Seven Days in May

Amimut

An Abundance of Shoulds

Pakistan’s Nuclear Requirements

Osama

William C. Foster

The Advisors

Can Nuclear Deterrence Last?

Career Counseling

Expansion and Contraction

Gravity’s Gone

The Age of Extremes

Assured Destruction

The Adjacent Possible

Arms Control With and Without Agreements

Wagah

A Serious Russian Space Proposal

The Well-Read Wonk

The Smyth Report

What Next?

Joint Verification Experiments

The First Conversation

New Year, New START

Victory Kudos

The Dance of the Veils

Hawks and Doves

And the Winners Are…

National Blindness & National Technical Means

The Bomb and the Common Cold

Everett McKinley Dirksen, He Ain’t

Best Quips Competition

The Long March II

The Stability-Instability Paradox

Cruise Missiles

Scare Tactics

Win, Lose or Draw?

Cold War Secrets

Space Diplomacy

The Unipolar Moment

The Flood

Working at the Margins

Armageddon

The Least Abhorrent Choice

Nuclear Optimism

Organizations, Accidents, and Nuclear Weapons

The Stakes for New START

Nitze’s Strategic Concept

Indian Strategic Culture

Limited Nuclear Options

Amchitka

The Long March

Echoes of a Treaty Ratification Past

Negotiating the Limited Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy

Mea Culpa

Nightmare Scenarios for the NPT

Death by Number

Great Speeches

The Tripartite Agreement

Canada Reclaims its Space

Passings

Egypt, the Spoiler?

Duality

Exceptional India

Gardening and Arms Control

Treaty Signings

Unilateral Statements

Dysfunctional by Design

What is a Space Weapon?

Paranoids, Pygmies and Pariahs

Indian Nuclear Strategists

Career Counseling

Frontiers in Space

When Terrorists were West Germans

Vasili Alexandrovich Arkipov

Solvency, Show Biz and Security

George Bunn, The Norm Builder

Who was Ronald Reagan?

One War, Two Bombs?

At Year-End (A Thinly-Veiled Pep Talk)

Experts Predict 2010 Will Be Terrible

Death and Resurrection

History Proves…. What?

Command & Control in South Asia

Naysayers and Defenders of Arms Control

McGeorge Bundy

Sy Hersh and Pakistan’s Nukes

When Arms Control Gets Way Too Personal

Predicting Proliferation

The Turn

Sufficient Deterrence

MIRVs and Remorse, Sort Of

Defining Arms Control

Kenneth Waltz

Nuclear Nightmares & Abolition

Hidden Agendas and Missile Defenses

Herman Kahn

Treaty Math

ASAT Test Bans

Massive Retaliation

The Buddha on Arms Control

The Jackson Amendment

Morality and the Bomb

An Introduction to Non-introduction

Useful Fictions and Big Whoppers

Cold Warriors and High Quality Deterrence

A.Q. Khan and Samar Mubarakmand

Best One-Liners About the Bomb

K. Sundarji and India's Bomb

The Gilpatric Committee Report

Ike's Nuclear Legacy

Stimson on Dangerous States

The Well Read Wonk

LeMay on the Partial Test Ban

Essential Reading?

Most Recent Comments

  1. In: No First Use

    You miss my point about no first use. It’s unequivocal.
  1. In: Explaining What I Do for a Living

    Thanks, Judith. There's room for all of us under a big tent. Best wishes, MK
  1. In: Do As I Say, Not As I Do: Demanding Strengthened Inspections in Iran

    Little known facts about the CWC, courtesy of the OPCW: Statistics 192 States Parties covering…

 

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